Vaguely interesting (Apr. 30)

1.  Further doubts about the political effects of menstrual cycle.

2.  Can Twitter figure out how to make money?

3.  Generational differences in party preferences.

4.  After fabricating a story about how gangs were uniting to kill police officers, Baltimore police now maintain that Freddie Gray severed his own spine. (Also, conservative media really wants to believe that Freddie Gray had a pre-existing spinal injury.)

5.  Hillary Clinton weighs in.

Vaguely interesting 150428

1.  Men want attractive, sweet wives who’ll raise independent, strong daughters.

2.  Homenum revelio: An academic study of who gets sorted into different houses on the Harry Potter website.

3.  “When nonviolence is preached as an attempt to evade the repercussions of political brutality, it betrays itself. When nonviolence begins halfway through the war with the aggressor calling time-out, it exposes itself as a ruse. When nonviolence is preached by the representatives of the state, while the state doles out heaps of violence to its citizens, it reveals itself to be a con.”

4.  Public opinion on same-sex marriage.

5.  “Between 2007 and 2012, birth rates among twenty-something women declined more than 15 percent.”

6.  Decorating Chinese buildings with foreigners.

Vaguely interesting 150427

1.  “In other words, as the parties become more distant demographically and culturally, they become more distant on policy, too. And so voters of each party are being at least somewhat rational in their increased fear of the other party: a liberal Democrat actually has more to fear from the Republican Party of 2012 than she did from the Republican Party of 1980, and vice versa.”

2.  Does group selection solve a theoretical problem that only exists because of unrealistic assumptions?

3.  An Arab defendant in Israel is substantially less likely to be given a long prison sentence if the randomly selected appeals court panel has at least one Arab judge.

4.  Give people a personal opportunity to cheat on their taxes, and they start thinking that tax evasion isn’t so unethical after all.

5.  Strong on Obama.

Vaguely interesting 150423

1.  Big supporters of same-sex marriage: The non-religious and other non-Christians (except Muslims and Hindus). Moderate supporters: Catholics, Orthodox, Hindus, and white mainline Protestants. Moderate opponents: Muslims and non-white Protestants. Big opponents: Jehovah’s Witness, Mormons, and white evangelical Protestants.

2.  Moral game theory: People are more likely to punish if they can do it covertly.

3.  Moral game theory: Proclaiming a moral position increases others’ punishments of one’s own transgressions.

4.  Seyfarth and Cheney guest edit a special section on the evolution of social cognition (scroll down to the bottom of volume 103).

5.  10 tricks to appear smart in meetings. (ht Wonkblog)

Vaguely interesting 150422

1.  From 1990 to 2013, adjusting for inflation, the median earnings of male workers without a high school diploma fell 20%, while for those with advanced degrees it rose 13%.

2.  From 2011 to 2014, Baltimore paid out $5.7 million to victims of police brutality.

3.  Are older Americans turning against redistribution to the poor to protect redistribution to the old?

4.  In the U.S., the word “populist” is lost in (issue) space. It can describe people who are in favor of civil rights for gays and immigrants as well as the segregationist George Wallace, both the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street, and—yeah, sure, why not?—libertarians. For what it’s worth, people with lower socioeconomic status typically combine economic liberalism and discriminatory conservatism.

5.  For example, the 19th-century Populist Party was pro-farmer, pro-laborer, anti-bank, and anti-immigrant.

Vaguely interesting 150421

1.  The ongoing demographic shifts in political party coalitions create opportunities and risks for Hillary.

2.  For non-incarcerated African Americans ages 25 to 54, there are only 8 men for every 10 women.

3.  In Tampa, Florida, where 26% of the population is African American, they write a lot of bike tickets … and 80% go to African Americans.

4.  In the 1940s, fewer than one in ten households were single-occupant; now it’s more than a quarter.

5. The burning weed with its roots in hell.

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1.  Support for the death penalty is at a 40-year low.

2.  As the parties have morphed into issue-based coalitions, straight-ticket voting has increased even as the number of “independents” has risen.

3.  In the 1940s through the 1960s, bottom 90% incomes tripled while top 1% incomes were flat. In the 1970s through the early 1980s, all incomes were flat. Since then, top 1% incomes have tripled while bottom 90% incomes have remained flat.

4. The new Gilded Age.

5.  How much do federal taxes reduce income inequality?

Vaguely interesting 150416

1.  The claim that “It’s hard for any party to hang on to the White House for 12 years” is based mostly on 6 idiosyncratic elections.

2.  Incentives + Ambiguity = Self-Serving Lies.

3.  The “marriage penalty” tax is often a “marriage bonus.” (And my earlier post on how tax law favors traditional families.)

4.  A focus on “statistical significance” can do more harm than good.

5.  Secular natives and Muslim immigrants will further diminish Europe’s Christian majority.

6.  Skepticism of group selection accounts of altruism.

7.  “The dominant feature in the relationship between African Americans and their country is plunder, and plunder has made police authority an impossibility, and police power a necessity.” (And a related video.)

8.  One-third of 15-19 year old women cohabit, marry, or have a child.

9.  Girl Life Hacks.

Vaguely interesting 150415

1.  The gender pay gap is largest at the top.

2.  How crazy people keep the romance going.

3.  Are foreign policy concerns becoming a bigger priority for voters?

4.  Dominance, prestige, and Dark Triad.

5.  How have rising inequality and the ACA affected support for redistribution?

6.  Chimps as hunters—sex roles and property rights. 

7.  What it would be like to fly your spacecraft onto a planet of giant chimps while listening to terrible music.